Who has an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19?
Persons with certain underlying medical conditions **
- Chronic kidney disease
- COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
- Heart conditions, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, or cardiomyopathies
- Immunocompromised state (weakened immune system) from solid organ transplant
- Obesity (body mass index [BMI] of 30 kg/m2 or higher but < 40 kg/m2)
- Severe obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2)
- Sickle cell disease
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Children who are medically complex **
Who might have increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19 ***
Persons with certain underlying medical conditions
- Asthma (moderate-to-severe)
- Cerebrovascular disease (affects blood vessels and blood supply to the brain)
- Cystic fibrosis
- Hypertension or high blood pressure
- Immunocompromised state (weakened immune system) from blood or bone marrow transplant, immune deficiencies, HIV, use of corticosteroids, or use of other immune weakening medicines
- Neurologic conditions, such as dementia
- Liver disease
- Overweight (BMI > 25 kg/m2, but < 30 kg/m2)
- Pulmonary fibrosis (having damaged or scarred lung tissues)
- Thalassemia (a type of blood disorder)
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Who needs extra precautions ****
- Racial and ethnic minority groups
- People who are pregnant or breastfeeding
- People with disabilities
- People with developmental and behavioral disorders
- People with drug use and substance use disorder
- People living in rural communities
- People experiencing homelessness
- Newly resettled refugee populations
- People who live in a nursing home or long-term care facility
- People who live in group homes for people with disabilities
* CDC has published data showing that among adults, the risk for severe illness from COVID-19 increases with age, with older adults at highest risk. For example, people in their 50s are at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 40s. Similarly, people in their 60s or 70s are, in general, at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 50s. The greatest risk for severe illness from COVID-19 is among those aged 85 or older. While the risk is not zero for younger adults – people in their 20’s, 30’s, and 40’s can and do develop severe COVID-19 illness and should take steps to protect themselves from getting COVID-19.
** The CDC has determined that these conditions place people at higher risk for severe COVID-19 disease based on consistent evidence from multiple small studies or a strong association from a large study. Children who are medically complex, who have neurologic, genetic, metabolic conditions, or who have congenital heart disease are at higher risk for severe illness than other children. See CDC pages on pediatric COVID-19.
*** CDC has determined based on limited data and information at this time, people with these conditions might have increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
**** Other groups of persons are recommended by CDC to take extra precautions, as emerging data indicate some populations bear a disproportionate burden of COVID-19 disease and death, have a higher prevalence of underlying conditions, or are experiencing conditions that may facilitate the spread of infection.
Visit the CDC website to learn more about those with potentially increased risk.
Source: CDCLast Updated 07/06/2021 - 14:54